The German Immigration into Pennsylvania though the Port of Philadelphia: 1700-1775
Chapter V.

The above-named firm seems to have been largely engaged in the business of bringing over German immigrants.

Here is a partial list of the passengers on the already named ship Britannia, prepared in the office of Messrs. Joshua Fisher & Sons, showing the amount of the passage money due by each, as well as some additional expenses incurred by them on the voyage, most probably for provisions, which were never over-abundant and generally insufficient.

Andreas Keym £26.7

Lena Bekker, his wife 22.2

Expense 16 days 1.12/£50.1

Hendrick Soueau £20.15

Dorothea, his wife 20.11

Expenses 1.12/42.18

John Frederick Camerloo £23.15

Anna, his wife 22.1

Expenses 1.12/£47.8

Simon Martz

Ann, his wife

Anna Margaretta, daughter

Expenses £ 2.8

Augustinus Hess £19.1

Maria, wife 18.19

Anna Margtta daughter 19.4

Expenses 2.8/£59.12

Jacob Schott} £17.1

Anna, wife} £17.1

Expenses 1.12/18.13

Christopher Schever} £50.7

Anna, wife} £50.7

1.12/£51.19

John George Kunkell} £41.5

Anna, wife} £41.5

Catherina, daughter} £41.5

Expenses 3.4/£44.9

Jacob Steyheler £19.19

Catharina, wife 17.18

Expenses 1.12/£39.9

Bernard Schmit} £61.5

Margaretta, wife} £61.5

Turgen, son} £61.5

Catharina, daughter} £61.5

Expenses 3.4/£64.9

Andreas Otto} £41.7

Sophi, wife} £41.7

Expenses 1.12/£42.19

John Danl. Roth} £49.8

Anna, wife} £49.8

Expenses 1.12/£51.

Jacob Wanner} £20.15

Maria wife} £20.15

Expenses 1.12/£22.7

Daniel Spees} £38.17

Anna, wife} £38.17

Expenses 1.12/£40.9

Christian Habert} £43.4

Anna Maria, wife} £43.4

Expenses 1.12/£44.16

Daniel Spees Jr.} £36.17

Anna, wife} £36.17

Expenses 1.12/£38.9

Andreas Kirch} £44.9

Anna Maria, wife} £44.9

Maria Elizabeth} £44.9

Expenses 2.8/£45.17

Jacob Twytser} £42.7

Johanna Barbara, wife} £42.7

Expenses 1.12/£43.19

Conrad Foltz} £51.

Susanna, wife} £51.

Maria, daughter} £51.

Expenses 2.8/£53.8

William Schwartz} £35.16

Anna Maria, wife} £35.16

Expenses 1.12/£37.8

Christian Nell £20.

Expenses .16/£20.16

Johann Jeremiah Snell £24.19

Expenses .16/£25.15

Gerrett Beneng‚ £23.11

Expenses .16/£24.7

Anty. Guerin £21. 3.6

Expenses .16./£21.19.6

Pierie Mullott £21.

Expenses .16/£21.16

Gertuna Vogelsand 129 £17.18

.16/£18.14
Caption: Roach Trap, Bugeleisen and Brei-Pfanne.

 

Chapter VI.

The German Immigration into Pennsylvania though the Port of Philadelphia: 1700-1775
Chapter VI.

Redemptioners or Indentured Servants not all German.-Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England contributed Large Numbers to Carry on the Work of Commonwealth-Building in Pennsylvania. "Be this my home till some fair star Stoops earthward and shall beckon me; For surely Godland lies not far From these green heights and this great sea, My friend, my lover, trend this way Not far along lies Arcady."
Caption: An Ephrata Symbol.

While, of course, under the general title of Redemptioners, I have reference mainly to those of German birth, these people were composed of nearly every other nationality that contributed material to the upbuilding of the American commonwealths. Such being the case, and while, when we find reference to indentured servants and Redemptioners in many authors, the reference, where no direct distinction is made, is to Germans. I have deemed it quite germane to the subject to devote a few paragraphs to those of other nationalities, to the Irish, who, after the Germans, were the most numerous, the English, the Scotch and the Welsh. There was no legal distinction between any of them prior to the registry law of 1727. The Germans only were required to take the oath of allegiance, that not being required of the others who were already subjects of the British crown.

Furthermore, in the early days of the history of Pennsylvania and the three Lower Counties of New Castle, Kent and Sussex, many of the indentured servants came over as already such, having been either in the service of well-to-do masters at home, or, having been taken into such service there to supply the needed labor on the lands which their masters had already bought from the Proprietary. Once here, all the other conditions were applicable to them as to those from foreign countries. They received the same outfit upon the completion of their term of service, and were equally entitled to take up fifty acres of land at a nominal annual rental.

Such being the state of the case, the indentured servants, whatever their nationality, naturally fall into the same category and may be considered together. A further reason for so doing is found in the fact that those writers who have dealt with the general question, have given their attention almost exclusively to those who came from Germany, while the rest have barely received mention and in most cases have been passed by without any reference whatever.

So greatly was the value of colonists regarded by Penn, that when he prepared his frame of laws in England, in 1682, a section was given to the manner in which these persons should be registered, treated and otherwise cared for. Special advantages were offered to such as should bring along servants. Both the master and the servant were entitled to fifty acres of land upon the conclusion of the latter's term of service, upon special conditions. The servant under the conditions imposed was not necessarily a menial. His standing might be as good as his master's and some were sent here to take charge of the property of owners who remained behind. William Penn himself sent over about a score of such indentured servants, the list of which is still extant.

The result was that during the first decade or two after Penn's acquisition of the Province, a large number of these people were brought over. Evidently, all who could bring servants did so. Either the arrivals were not all registered as the law provided, or else the registry books have been lost. James Claypole was appointed register in 1686 and a registry book in his handwriting is still extant, covering a period of about three years, which in a measure reveals the extent to which these indentured servants were brought into the Province at that time. A few extracts are here quoted from the book.

"Came in the ship Endeavour of London. George Thorp Mr Richard Hough, of Maxfield in Cheshire husbandman, (Servants) Fran. Hough, Jam: Sutton, Tho. Woodhouse, Mary Woodhouse.

"In ditto shipp: Fran: Stanfield & Grace his wife late of Garton in Cheshire Husbandman. (children) Jam: Mary, Sarah, Eliz: Grace (and) Hannah Stanfield. (Servants) Dan: Browne, Theo: Maxsey, Isa: Broohesby, Rob. Sidbotham, John Smith, Robt. Bryan, Wm Rudway, Tho. Sidbotham.

"John Maddock, in ditto shipp. Servants, George Phillips Ralph Duckard.

"The Providence of Scarborough Robt. Hopper Mr. Griffith Owen & his wife Sarah and their sone Robt. & 2 daughters Sarah & Elenor & 7 servants named Thos. Armes, John Ball 4 years, Robert Lort for 8 years, Alexander Edwards; Jeane, Bridget & Eliza Watts 3 years.

"Henry Baker & Margaret his wife & their Daughters Rachell, Rebecca, Phebey & Hester and Nathan & Samuel their sones. Mary Becket & 10 servts named John Slidell for 4 years, Hen: Slidell 4 yers, James Yeates 5 yers, Jno Hurst 4 yers, Tho: ffisher 4 yers, John Steadman 4 years, Thos. Candy for Joseph Feoror 4 yers, Deborah Booth 4 yrs. Joshua Lert 4 years.

"The Bristoll Merchant John Stephens Commander Arrived here the 10th of 9th Month 1685.

"The passengers names are as followeth viz:

"Jasper Farmer, Senior, his Family (names given).

"Jasper Farmer Junior's family (names given).

"Their Servants are as followeth viz.:

"Ioone Daly, Philip Mayow and Helen his wife, John Mayow, John Whitloe, Nicholas Whitloe, George Fisher, Arthur Smith, Thomas Alferry, Henry Wells, Robert Wilkinson, Elizabeth Mayow, Martha Mayow, Sara Burke, Shebe Orevan, Andrew Walbridge.